Rights to life, liberty, security of the person and bodily integrity

All persons have the right to life, liberty, and to be free of torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment in all cases and particularly on account of any prohibited grounds of discrimination, and shall have the right to exercise their sexuality free of violence or coercion.

The rights to life, liberty, security of the person and bodily integrity can be used to campaign:

  • Safe motherhood practices – using family planning to avoid pregnancies that carry high risks for maternal and infant mortality and morbidity
  • Protection from medical intervention related to sexual and reproductive health unless it is carried out with the full, free and informed consent of the person
  • Protection of children, women and men from sexual abuse and exploitation

  • Maternal mortality and morbidity caused by lack of access to sexual and reproductive health care services. Lack of access could be due to legal, geographical, social or economic reasons; relevant services should include information and education, pre- and post-natal care, family planning services access to safe abortion, adequate nutrition, emergency obstetric care, etc.
  • Infanticide – usually female infanticide – occurring in countries where there is, for whatever reason, a marked son preference
  • Genocide, in relation to programmes where measures including family planning are imposed that are intended to prevent births within particular population groups with the intention of destroying, in whole or in part, that group
  • Violence, including domestic violence
  • Sexual harassment
  • Sexual abuse
  • Forced pregnancy, or continuation thereofForced sterilization
  • Forced abortion
  • Laws or practices requiring spousal or parental consent for contraception or abortion
  • Laws that imprison women for terminating their own pregnancies
  • Externally imposed fear, shame, guilt, and false beliefs that inhibit sexual response or impair the capacity to enjoy sexual relationships
  • Female genital mutilation
starPeople with disabilities have the right to education and to learn to strengthen their ability to access health facilities, services and conditions that enable them to make consensual and informed choices and take decisions about their sexual and reproductive health.